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Monday, 20 August 2012

Madhya Pradesh - an introduction

Historically known as Malwa Madhya Pradesh, second largest centrally located state in India is called the very heart of India.

Bounded by Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in the north-east, Orissa in the east, and Maharashtra in the south-west and south, Gujarat in the west, Rajasthan in the north-west and Chhattisgarh in the east, Madhya Pradesh with an area of 3,08,000 square kilometers is now the second largest state in India after Rajasthan.
It occupies 9.38 % of the Country areas and is rich in its mineral and agricultural resources as well as wild life.

Madhya Pradesh, in its present form,came into existence on November 1,2000 following its bifurcation to create a new state of Chhattisgarh. The undivided Madhya Pradesh was founded on November 1,1956.

The population of Madhya Pradesh is about 60.38 million (2001 census), with the population density of 196 people per square kilometer. More than 75% of state population resides in village, mainly dependent, while the rest of the population lives in towns. Indore district is the most populated one. The majority population is Hindu with Muslims making up the largest
minority community.

The tribes of Madhya Pradesh population constitute
over 20% of the state population. Gond is the best known tribe and forms the largest group in Madhya Pradesh. They mainly inhabit areas on both side of the
Narmada in Mandla, Chhindwara, Betul and Seoni regions and the hilly terrains of the Vindhya and the Satpura region. The other tribes are Bhils, Sahariyas,
Bharia, Baigas, Korku, Santia and Kols.

Based on the features related to land, climate, soil crop, Madhya Pradesh can be classified into three major
physiographic regions-The Central Plateau, Satpura Range and West and the East Satpura range.

For Governance and developmental programmes State is
divided into 50 districts and 313 developmental blocks. It has about 55,393 villages.


The climate of Madhya Pradesh is monsoonal. It gets warmer after March as the tropic of Cancer passes through the northern part of the state. Like other part of India, Madhya Pradesh also has three major seasons summer (March-June) during this period the temperature in the entire state ranges above 29.4°C. In general the eastern parts of Madhya Pradesh are hotter than the western parts. The regions like Gwalior, Morena and Datia record temperature of over 42°C in the month of May. The humidity is relatively very low and the region usually experiences frequent yet mild dust storms.

Hindi is official language of Madhya Pradesh. Though State has one official language but has regional languages and dialects within the state.

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